Melasma is a patchy, brown, blue-gray discoloration of the skin which is generally seen in women during their reproductive years. It can be seen in women aging between 20 to 25 years on the upper cheeks, upper lips, forehead, and chin.
It is assumed to be related to exposure to sun, external hormones like birth control pills and changes in internal hormones during pregnancy. People suffering due to Melasma have past record of regular or intermittent exposure to the sun.
Pregnant women of Latin and Asian descent suffer from Melasma. People who have dark skin colour have more chances of suffering from melasma.
There are various experts who promise to provide the best treatment for melasma.
Causes of Melasma
Specialists think that the reason for dark patches could be due to several reasons like pregnancy; pills for birth control, hormone replacement therapy, etc. below are few common reasons why people suffer from melasma.
- Exposure to sun
Unrestrained exposure to the sun is considered as a major cause for people suffering from melasma. Various studies have proven that people develop this skin disorder during the summer months when the sun is most intense.
When melasma occurs during the time of pregnancy, it is then called chloasma. Pregnant women face an enhanced level of estrogen, progesterone, and melanocyte. Women, who receive therapy for progesterone hormone replacement, have more chances to develop melasma.
- Family History
People, whose family members have suffered from melasma, are more prone to get affected by this skin problem. The best treatment for melasma is to avoid the sun and applying sunscreen which would prevent the direct exposure of the skin to the sun.
Laser treatment for Melasma
The lasers in case of melasma should only be used by professionals at skindoctorindia.com who is skilled and has an experience of working in the field.
The experts at skindoctorindia.com use the procedure of fractional laser and Fraxel system for curing the skin problem. The fractional laser has been proven to be the best for curing melasma in women. The fractional laser breaks the laser beam into smaller pixels which provide a deeper and better treatment without burning or downtime.
After the process, the process of healing gets boosted and it helps in removing the damaged tissues from the skin. The best treatment for melasma helps in replacing the new tissues with the damaged ones.